ZIF Theological Dictionary

AGNOSTIC: LITERALLY MEANS WITHOUT KNOWLEDGE. IT IS POSITION THAT TRUTH ABOUT GOD IS UNCERTAIN AND CANNOT BE KNOW.

AMBIGUOUS:  UNCLEAR OR UNCERTAIN. IN THEOLOGY & PHILOSOPHY IT REFERS WORDS OR STATEMENTS THAT CAN HOW TWO DIFFERENT MEANINGS.

AMILLENNIALISM: LITERALLY (A= NO AND MILLENNIAL= 100) NO 1000 YEARS. IT’S THE BELIEF THAT 1000 YEAR REIGN SPOKEN OF IN REVELATION 20 IS NOT LITERAL, BUT FIGURATIVE.

APOLOGETICS: LITERALLY MEANS DEFENSE. AS IN 1 PET 3:15. IT IS USED OF MAKING A RATIONAL ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF ONES BELIEF.

A PRIOR: PRIOR TO EXPERIENCE. IT REFERS KNOWLEDGE THAT IS APART FROM ANY EXPERIENCE. THINGS THAT CAN KNOWN SIMPLY THROUGH DEFINITION. (ex. TRIANGLE HAS THREE ANGLES) .

ATHEISM: LITERALLY NO-GOD. IT IS THE BELIEF THAT NO GOD OF ANY SORT EXIST.

ATONEMENT: IT MEANS TO COVER AND MAKE AMENDS. IT SPEAKS OF CHRIST’S SACRIFICE WHICH REMOVE OUR GUILT MAKING AWAY FOR US TO HAVE A RELATIONSHIP  WITH GOD.

AUTOGRAPH: ORIGINAL WRITING. IT REFERS TO THE ACTUAL WRITINGS OF THE PROPHETS AND APOSTLES.

AUTONOMY: COMPLETELY INDEPENDENT AND SELF GOVERNING.

AXIOM: A SELF-EVIDENT TRUTH OR WIDELY ACCEPTED TRUTH THAT IS USED AS THE BASIS OF AN ARGUMENT.

BLASPHEMY: TO SPEAK OF AGAINST. IT REFERS TO ACT IRREVERENCE AND CONTEMPT TOWARDS GOD. IT ALSO REFERS TO PLACING ONESELF OR ANOTHER IN THE PLACE OF GOD. (EX. JESUS WAS ACCUSED OF BLASPHEMY FOR CLAIMING TO BE EQUAL TO GOD JOHN 10:33).

CANON: LITERALLY RULE, OR STANDARD. IT REFERS TO THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE (THE 39 HEBREW SCRIPTURES – OLD TESTAMENT AND THE 27 GREEK SCRIPTURES-NEW TESTAMENT)

CAUSALITY: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CAUSE AND EFFECT. IT ALSO REFERS TO THE PRINCIPLE THAT ALL EVENTS HAVE A CAUSE BY SOMETHING.

CHRISTOLOGY: THE STUDY OF CHRIST. IT FOCUSES ON THE PERSON/ NATURE OF AND THE ACTS OF JESUS.

CONTRADICTION; THE LAW OF: ALSO NON CONTRADICTION. IT IS THE PRINCIPLE OF LOGIC THAT STATES THAT THE A PROPOSITION CANNOT BE BOTH TRUE AND FALSE IN THE SAME WAY AND IN THE SAME CONTEXT. (EX. MY SHOE IS MADE OF ALL LEATHER AND IS MADE OS NO LEATHER IS A CONTRADICTION).

DECALOGUE: THE TEN COMMANDMENTS.

DEISM: THE BELIEF THAT GOD IS NOT DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN THE AFFAIRS OF THE EARTH. THEY CLAIM THAT GOD CREATED EVERYTHING, AND THEN LEFT IT TO OPERATE ON ITS OWN.

DOCTRINE: LITERALLY TEACHING. IT DENOTES THE SET OF TEACHINGS THAT MAKES A SYSTEM OF BELIEFS.

EMPIRICAL: RELATING TO OBSERVATION, OR THE SENSES. EMPIRICISM IS THE PHILOSOPHICAL SYSTEM THAT TEACH THAT ALL TRUTH IS GAINED THROUGH THE SENSES.

EPISTEMOLOGY: THE STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE. IT IS THE BRANCH OF PHILOSOPHY THAT ASK THE QUESTIONS LIKE HOW CAN WE KNOW, WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE, AND WHAT IS KNOWN.

EQUIVOCATION: A WORD THAT CAN HAVE MORE THAN ONE MEANING. (EX. A FEATHER IS LIGHT.  THEREFORE IT IS NOT DARK).

ESCHATOLOGY: THE STUDY OF LAST THINGS. IT SEEKS TO FOCUS ON THE QUESTIONS OF HOW THE WORLD WILL ENDS, WHEN THAT END WILL COME. IT CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY THAT INCLUDES QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TRIBULATION AND THE RETURN OF CHRIST.

EX NIHILO: OUT OF NOTHING. IT REFERS TO GOD‘S ACT OF CREATION

EXEGESIS: LITERALLY TO LEAD FROM. THE METHOD OF INTERPRETATION THAT SEEKS TO FIND THE MEANING AND APPLICATION OF A TEXT BY STUDYING LITERAL MEANING OF  THE WORDS AND CONTEXT OF THE TEXT ITSELF.

EXISTENTIAL: THAT WHICH IS GROUNDED IN REALITY. AFFIRM ONES EXISTENCE THROUGH ACTS IN REAL SPACE AND TIME.

EXPIATION: THE CANCELLATION OF AN DEBT. IT REFERS TO WORK OF CHRIST ON THE CROSS FOR THE SINS OF MEN. 

FALL, THE: IT REFERS TO THE ACT OF DISOBEDIENCE IN GEN. 3  BY ADAM AND EVE IN THE GARDEN WHEN THEY ATE THE FORBIDDEN FRUIT, WHICH CAUSED ALL HUMANITY TO BE LESS THAN THE PERFECT BEINGS.

FALLACY: A MISTAKE IN REASONING.

FIAT: LITERALLY LET IT BE DONE. IT REFERS TO A COMMAND THAT CREATES WITHOUT ANY OTHER EFFORT OR TOOLS.

FIDEISM: THE BELIEF THAT KNOWLEDGE OF DIVINE TRUTH REST UPON FAITH NOT REASON.

GENTILE: A NON JEW.

GNOSTICISM: AN EARLY RELIGIOUS GROUP NOT LONG AFTER CHRIST THAT BELIEVED THAT FLESH IS PURE EVIL AND GOD IS GOOD, THEREFORE CHRIST IS COULD NOT HAVE BEEN IN THE FLESH. THEY ALSO TAUGHT THAT SALVATION IS FOUND IN A SECRET GNOSIS (KNOWLEDGE).

HEDONISM: THE TEACHING THAT PLEASURE IS THE GREATEST GOAL OF ALL ACTION AND LIFE.

HERESY: A TEACHING THAT GOES AGAINST THE TRUTH OF THE BIBLE.

HUMANISM: THE BELIEF THAT MAN IS SUPREME. IT ALSO CARRIES WITH IT THE NOTION THAT MAN IS BASICALLY GOOD AND ALONE HAS THE ABILITY AND RESPONSIBLITY TO IMPROVE AND MAINTAIN THEIR POSITION ON EARTH. 

HYPOSTATIC UNION: IT REFERS TO THE TWO NATURES OF CHRIST. HIS BEING FULLY GOD AND FULLY MAN.

IMMANENT: TO BE WITHIN POSSIBLE EXPERIENCE OR CONTACT. IT REFERS TO GOD’S ABILITY TO BE WITH MAN AND TO ACT IN THE EARTH.

IMMUTABLE: UNABLE TO CHANGE.

IMPUTE: TO GIVE TO, PLACE WITHIN, OR ACCREDIT TO.

INCARNATION: GOD COMING IN THE FLESH. THE UNITY OF THE DIVINE AND HUMAN NATURE OF JESUS.

INERRANCY: LITERALLY WITH OUT ERROR. IT REFERS TO THE POSITION THAT THE AUTOGRAPHS OR WITHOUT ERROR IN MATTERS OF FACTS AND TEACHING. 

JEHOVAH: THE ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE HEBREW  TETRAGRAMMATON, YHWH. WHICH ARE THE FOUR LETTERS USED TO SPELL GOD‘S NAME AS REVEALED TO MOSES EXODUS 3:14. IT IS ACTUALLY BASED ON A MISUNDERSTANDING. (A GOOD ARTICLE ABOUT IT CAN BE FOUND HERE)

JUSTIFICATION: THE STATE OF BEING DECLARED RIGHTEOUS, OR VOID OF ANY BLAME AND FREE FROM CONDEMNATION.

LIMITED ATONEMENT: THE BELIEF THAT CHRIST DIED ONLY FOR THOSE WHO WERE CHOSEN BY GOD, NOT FOR EVERY INDIVIDUAL.

LOGIC: THE SCIENCE OF NECESSARY INFERENCE. THE RULES OF PROPER THINKING AND REASONING. 

LXX: 70. IT IS THE SING USED FOR THE GREEK TRANSLATION OF THE HEBREW BIBLE ALSO CALLED THE SEPTUIGENT, WHICH ALSO MEANS 70. FOR WAS DONE BY APPROXIMATELY 70 TRANSLATORS.

MEDIATOR: ONE WHO STANDS BETWEEN TWO PARTIES TO BRING ABOUT AN AGREEMENT OR UNION.

METAPHYSICS: THE POSITION OF PHILOSOPHY THAT DEALS WITH THE NATURE OF REALITY. IT IS ALSO USED TO REFER TO THE THAT WHICH IS BEYOND THE PHYSICAL.

MODALISM: THE BELIEF HELD BY SOME THAT GOD IS ONE PERSON AND MANIFEST HIMSELF IN THREE MODES OR FORMS. HE AT ONE TIME IS FATHER THEN CHANGES TO SON, AND SO FORTH.

MONERGISM: LITERALLY MONO= ONE AND ERGON=WORK; SO ONE WORK OR WORK OF ONE. THE BELIEF THAT GOD IS THE SOLE AGENT IN THE SAVING REGENERATION OF MAN.

MONOTHEISM: LITERALLY ONE GOD. THE BELIEF THAT THERE IS ONE GOD AND CREATOR OF THE UNIVERSE.

OBJECTIVE: THAT WHICH EXIST AS A REAL OBJECT  INDEPENDENT OF ANYONES PERCEPTION OR BELIEF IN ITS EXISTENCE. THE COMPLETE OPPOSITE OF SUBJECTIVE.

OMNIPOTENT: ALL POWER.

OMNIPRESENT: ALWAYS PRESENT.

OMNISCIENCE: ALL KNOWING.

ORIGINAL SIN: TERM USED TO REFER TO CONSEQUENCES OF THE FALL (SEE ROMANS 5:12-23 AND READ WHAT IS THE GOSPEL PART 1)

PELAGIANISM: THE BELIEF THAT THEIRS IS NO SUCH THING AS ORIGINAL SIN AND MEN IS COMPLETELY FREE TO CHOOSE BETWEEN GOOD AND EVIL.

PENTATUECH: THE FIST FIVE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE WRITTEN BY MOSES (GENESIS, EXODUS, LEVITICUS, NUMBERS, AND DEUTERONOMY)

PNEUMATOLOGY: THE STUDY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. IT SEEKS TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS WHAT/WHO IS THE HOLY SPIRIT AND WHAT IS MISSION/PURPOSE.

POLYTHEISM: LITERALLY MANY GODS. THE BELIEF THAT ARE MULTIPLE GODS OVER THE UNIVERSE.

POSTMILLENNIALISM: THE BELIEF THAT CHRISTIANS WILL THROUGH THE NATION PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL USHER IN THE REIGN AND RETURN OF CHRIST.

PRAGMATIC: PRACTICALLY BENEFICIAL WITH EMPHASIS ON EXPERIENCE. THAT WHICH HAS BEEN PROVEN THROUGH TRAIL AND ERROR.

PREMILLENNIALSM: THE BELIEF THAT THE 100 YEARS OF REVELATION 20 IS LITERAL AND CHRIST WILL COME DOWN AND SET UP A LITERAL KINGDOM ON EARTH.

PREMISE: A PROPOSITION USED TO FORM AN ARGUMENT.

PROPITIATION: THE ACT OF APPEASING OR PRODUCING PEACE BETWEEN ENEMIES, OR TURNING AWAY WRATH.

PROPOSITION: A SENTENCE IN WHICH SOMETHING IS  ASSERTED AS  EITHER TRUE OR FALSE. THE MEANING OF A DECLARATIVE SENTENCE.

RAPTURE: TO BE CARRIED AWAY OR CAUGHT UP. IT REFERS TO THE TEACHING THAT CHRISTIAN WILL INSTANTLY TAKEN AWAY FROM THE EARTH TO MET CHRIST IN THE SKY.

RECONCILIATION: THE ACT OF MAKING FREINDS OF ENEMIES.

REDEMPTION: THE ACT OR PROCESS OF BUYING BACK OWNERSHIP OF, OR THE PAYING PRICE NEEDED TO FREE.

REGENERATION: TO CREATE AGAIN. IT REFERS TO THE ACT OF GOD WHEREBY HIS HOLY SPIRIT GIVES ETERNAL LIFE TO THE BELIEVING. BEING BORN AGAIN.

RELATIVE: HAVING NECESSARY CONNECTION OR DEPENDENCE ON ANOTHER.

RELATIVISM: THE BELIEF THAT TRUTH IS DEPENDENT UPON ON THE VARIOUS PEOPLE THAT BELIEVE IT. IT TRUE FOR YOU, BUT NOT FOR ME.

REPENT: TO TURN. THE GREEK WORD USED IN THE NEW TESTAMENT (METANOEO) LITERALLY MEANS TO THINK DIFFERENTLY.

SKEPTIC: ONE DOUBTS AND REFUSES TO AFFIRM ESPECIALLY ABOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD.

SOLA FIDE: FAITH ALONE. IT REFERS TO THE TEACHING THAT FAITH IS ALL THAT IS NEEDED TO RECEIVE JUSTIFICATION FROM GOD.

SOLA GRATIA: GRACE ALONE. IT REFERS TO THE TEACHING THAT SALVATION IS ACCOMPLISHED BY GOD’S GRACE APART FROM ANY MERIT ON BEHALF OF THE SINNER.

SOLA SCRIPTURA: BY SCRIPTURE ALONE. IT REFRS TO THE TEACHING THAT THE BIBLE IS THE ONLY RULE AND AUTHORITY IN THE CHURCH, AND THE SOLE SOURCE OF TRUE DOCTRINE.

SOLI DEO GLORIA: GLORY TO GOD ALONE. IT WAS USED BY THE REFORMERS TO EXPRESS THEIR OPPOSITION TO THE ROMAN CATHOLICS CHURCH’S EXALTATION  OF THE POPE AND SAINTS OF THE PAST.

SOLUS CHRISTUS or SOLO CHRISTO: CHRIST ALONE OR THROUGH CHRIST ALONE. IT REFERS TO THE TEACHING THAT CHRIST IS THE ONLY MEDIATOR BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, AND THAT CHRIST IS THE ONLY MEANS OF SALVATION.

SOTERIOLOGY: THE STUDY OF SALVATION. IT DISCUSSES HOW ARE WE SAVE, WHO IS AND BY WHOM ARE THEY SAVED, WHAT IS THE EFFECTS, ETC.

SOVEREIGNTY: THE STATE OF BEING SUPREME AND FREE FROM EXTERNAL CONTROL. IT  REFERS TO GOD HAVING THE RIGHT AND POWER TO DO AS HE WILLS.

SUBJECTIVE: THE OPPOSITE OF OBJECTIVE. DEPENDENT ON PERSONAL OR INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCE FOR REALITY OR TRUTHFULNESS.

SYLLOGISM: THE STRUCTURE OF AN ARGUMENT THAT IS MADE OF TWO PREMISES AND A CONCLUSION. (EX. ALL MEN ARE MORTAL. zifishoe IS A MAN, THEREFORE zifishoe IS MORTAL ).

SYNERGISM: LITERALLY WORK TOGETHER. IT REFERS TO THE BELIEF THAT MAN COOPERATES WITH GOD IN THE PROCESS OF SALVATION.

SYNOPTIC GOSPEL: IT REFERS TO THE GOSPELS OF MATTHEW, MARK, AND LUKE; BECAUSE THEY HAVE A LOT OF SIMILARITY.

TABULA RASA: LITERALLY BLANK SLATE. IT REFERS TO THE BELIEF THAT MEN ARE COMPLETELY VOID OF ANY INNATE IDEAS OR CONCEPTS IB THEIR MIND.

TAUTOLOGY: A STATEMENT THAT IS TRUE BY DEFINITION. (EX. ALL TRIANGLES HAVE THREE ANGLES).

TESTAMENT: COVENANT.

TETRAGRAMMATON: LITERALLY HAVING FOUR LETTERS. IT IS THE WORD USED TO DESCRIBE THE FOUR HEBREW LETTERS (YHWH) USED AS THE NAME OF GOD IN THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES.

THEISM: THE BELIEF THAT THEIR IS A GOD WHO DOES ACT IN THE UNIVERSE. 

THEOLOGY: THE STUDY OF GOD. IT FOCUSES ON HIS NATURE, ATTRIBUTTES, CHARACTER, WORKS, AND REVELATION. IT IS ALSO USED AS AN UMBRELLA TERM TO DESCRIBE THE STUDY OF GOD, CHRIST, HOLY SPIRIT, MAN, CHURCH, END TIMES, ETC. (SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY).

THEOPHANY: A VISIBLE APPEARENCE OF GOD. IT USUALLY REFERS TO THE APPEARENCES OF GOD BEFORE THE INCARNATION.

TRANSCENDENT: THAT WHICH IS ABOVE OR GOES BEYOND THE WORLD. THAT WHICH SURPASS COMPREHENSION.

TRINITY: THE TEACHING THAT GOD IS THREE PERSONS (FATHER, SON, AND HOLY SPIRIT) IN ONE SUBSTANCE.

VICARIOUS ATONEMENT: LITERALLY LEGAL ATONEMENT. IT REFERS TO THE BELIEF THAT CHRIST DEATH PAID A LEGAL PENALTY.

 

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Published on January 27, 2010 at 12:29 am  Leave a Comment  

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